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5.33.080 Environmentally Preferable Procurement.

(Amended by Ordinance Nos. 181547, 183445, 185898 and 187373, effective October 14, 2015.)

A.  Definitions:

1.   "Alternative Environmentally Preferable Paper" is paper with environmental attributes beyond those of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG).  These attributes include paper that is unbleached or is bleached without the use of chlorine compounds, goes beyond the EPA CPG post-consumer recycled content standard, is not derived from genetically modified organisms, or is made with fibers that come from certified, well managed forests, agricultural residues, sustainably-produced tree-free crops, or recycled non-tree fibers.

2.  "Biodegradable" means capable of being broken down, especially into innocuous products, by the action of living things such as microorganisms.

3.   "Energy Star® compliant" products mean products that meet or exceed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Energy Star® criteria for energy efficiency.

4.  "Environmentally Preferable" means products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal of the product or service.

5.   "Industrial Oil" means any compressor, turbine or bearing oil, hydraulic oil, metal-working oil or refrigeration oil.

6.  "Life Cycle Analysis" means the comprehensive examination of a product’s environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts throughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal.

7.   "Lubricating Oil" means any oil intended for use in an internal combustion crankcase, transmission, gearbox or differential or an automobile, bus, truck, vessel, plane, train, heavy equipment or machinery powered by an internal combustion engine.

8.  "Post-Consumer Waste," means a finished material that would normally be disposed of as solid waste, having completed its life cycle as a consumer item.  “Post-consumer waste” does not include manufacturing waste.

9.   "Price Premium Payback Period" means the number of years it takes for the savings in operating costs to offset any additional upfront price of the product versus a lower price, less-energy efficient model.  It is calculated by dividing the price premium by the annual savings in operating costs.

10.  "Readily Biodegradable" shall be defined according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) measurement guidelines.

11.   "Reblended Latex Paint" or consolidated latex paint, contains 100 percent post-consumer content from good-quality surplus with no virgin materials such as resins and colorants added.

12.  "Recyclable Product" means a product that, after its intended end use, can demonstrably be diverted from the solid waste stream for use as a raw material in the manufacture of another product, preferably higher value uses.

13.   "Recycled Latex Paint," or reprocessed latex paint, means latex paint with a post-consumer recycled content level that at a minimum meets the requirements specified by the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) for reprocessed latex paint.

14.  "Recycled Material" means any material that would otherwise be a useless, unwanted or discarded material except for the fact that the material still has useful physical or chemical properties after serving a specific purpose and can, therefore, be reused or recycled.

15.   "Recycled Oil" means used oil that has been prepared for reuse as a petroleum product by refining, reclaiming, reprocessing or other means provided that the preparation or use is operationally safe, environmentally sound and complies with all laws and regulations.

16.  “Recycled Paper” means a paper product with not less than:

a.  Fifty percent of its fiber weight consisting of secondary waste materials; or

b.  Twenty-five percent of its fiber weight consisting of post-consumer waste.

17.  “Recycled PETE” means post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate material.

18.  “Recycled Product” means all materials, goods and supplies, not less than fifty percent of the total weight of which consists of secondary and post-consumer waste with not less than ten percent of its total weight consisting of post-consumer waste. “Recycled product” includes any product that could have been disposed of as solid waste, having completed its life cycle as a consumer item, but otherwise is refurbished for reuse without substantial alteration of the product’s form.

19.  "Reusable Product" means a product, such as a washable food or beverage container or a refillable ballpoint pen, that can be used several times for an intended use before being discarded.

20.  “Secondary Waste Materials” means fragments of products or finished products of a manufacturing process that has converted a virgin resource into a commodity of real economic value. “Secondary waste materials” includes post-consumer waste. “Secondary waste materials” does not include excess virgin resources of the manufacturing process. For paper, “secondary waste materials" does not include fibrous waste generated during the manufacturing process such as fibers recovered from waste water or trimmings of paper machine rolls, mill broke, wood slabs, chips, sawdust or other wood residue from a manufacturing process.

21.  "Used Oil" means a petroleum-based oil which through use, storage or handling has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties.

22.  "Virgin Oil" means oil that has been refined from crude oil and that has not been used or contaminated with impurities.

23.  "VOC" (Volatile Organic Compound) means an organic compound characterized by a tendency to readily evaporate into the air, contributing to indoor air pollution and photochemical smog.

B.  Environmentally Preferable Procurement General Policy.  In developing plans, drawings, work statements, specifications, or other product descriptions, the City shall insure, to the maximum extent economically feasible, the purchase of environmentally preferable products or services that comply with the City's Sustainable City Principles. This includes, but is not limited to, products that are durable, recyclable, reusable, readily biodegradable, energy efficient, made from recycled materials, and nontoxic. In doing so, the City shall purchase products and services based on long-term environmental and operating costs, and find ways to include environmental and social costs in short-term prices. Furthermore, the City shall first seek to reuse, repair, or refurbish existing equipment and products prior to purchasing new, to the extent reuse is fiscally sound and complements other City safety and sustainability policies.

C.   Recycled Materials and Products Price Preference.

1.  In accordance with ORS 279A.125, notwithstanding provisions of law requiring the City to award a contract to the lowest responsible bidder or best proposer or provider of a quotation, and subject to Subsection 5.33.080 C.2., the City shall give preference to the procurement of goods manufactured from recycled materials.

2.   In comparing goods from two or more Bidders or Proposers, and at least one Bidder or Proposer offers goods manufactured from recycled materials, and at least one Bidder or Proposer does not, the City shall select the Bidder or Proposer offering goods manufactured from recycled materials if each of the following conditions exits:

a.  The recycled product is available;

b.   The recycled product meets applicable standards;

c.   The recycled product can be substituted for a comparable non-recycled product;

d.   The recycled product's costs do not exceed the costs of non-recycled products by more than five percent, or higher if a written determination is made by the City and set forth in the Solicitation Document.  For purposes of making the foregoing determination, the City shall consider the costs of the goods following any adjustments the City makes to the price of the goods for purposes of evaluation pursuant to Section 5.33.610; and

e.  Offerors, when required in the Solicitation Document, certify in their submitted Offers the minimum, if not exact, percentage of post-consumer waste and total recovered materials content in the products offered.

D.    Purchasing Environmentally Preferable Paper & Related Equipment.

1.   The City shall procure recycled content paper and other alternative environmentally preferable paper according to the City's Sustainable Paper Use policy (Resolution No. 36146).

2.  In accordance with the City's Sustainable Paper Use Policy, the City shall procure printers, copiers, and fax machines that, at a minimum, have duplex capability.

E.   In accordance with ORS 279B.240 the City shall ensure that its procedures and specifications for the procurement of lubricating oil and industrial oil do not exclude recycled oils and do not require oils to be manufactured from virgin materials.  

F.   Procurement practices regarding recyclable and reusable goods. The City shall ensure, to the maximum extent economically feasible, the procurement of goods that may be recycled or reused when discarded.

G.  Purchasing Energy Efficient Products. 

1.  As available, the City shall procure products that meet or exceed Energy Star® criteria for energy efficiency. This applies to:

a.   any equipment that uses electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil; and

b.   products that indirectly impact energy use, such as, but not limited to, windows, doors and skylights.

2.  City procurement language for such products described in Subsection 5.33.080 G.1. shall request from vendors:

a.  Evidence that the equipment meets or exceeds the Energy Star® criteria for energy efficiency; and

b.  Savings analyses including: energy (kWh/yr, therms/yr, gallons of gasoline/yr, etc.), operating costs ($/yr), and the price premium payback (years).

3.   Price Differential and Payback Period: While many Energy Star® compliant products are currently available for no price premium, should a price differential exist, the City will apply a simple life cycle cost analysis. Purchases where the price premium payback period is within 10 years or less shall be encouraged. Where the price premium payback period is longer than 10 years, Energy Star® compliant products may still be used; however, the City shall not be obligated to purchase and use Energy Star® compliant products in those circumstances.

H.  Purchasing Interior/Exterior Architectural Paint Products. 

1.  All paint must be low-VOC by complying with the current standards set forth by the California South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1113 for Architectural Coatings.

2.  Recycled or reblended latex paint with low-VOC properties, as demonstrated by periodic tests conducted by the manufacturer, shall be given preference and used whenever feasible to the extent that the price differential between the recycled or reblended and virgin latex paint does not exceed the five percent price preference set forth in Subsection 5.33.080 C.

3.  To reduce waste and support the recycled latex paint market, all surplus latex paint shall be recycled using a local latex paint recycling program. Surplus paint includes all latex paint in excess of quantities stored for touch-up purposes. Latex paint stored for touch-up purposes may not exceed 5 percent or 5 gallons, whichever is smaller, by volume, to the nearest gallon.